Packing Underwater Photo Gear

Our underwater photo gear is very fragile, very expensive, and to most of us, very precious. We haul it to the far corners of the globe to join dive masters showing us their favorite local sites so that we can capture that perfect photo.

But dive travel is tricky; airlines have a wide range of luggage policies and oftentimes the check-in agents aren’t quite sure of what those policies are. The whole process keeps us on our toes.

The only sure thing about traveling with underwater photo gear is that we want it all to arrive safely and undamaged. This is where a sound packing strategy comes into play.

We All Pack Camera Gear Differently

Ask 10 photographers about how they pack underwater photo gear and you’ll likely receive 11 different responses. My own strategies shift depending on the photo gear I’m packing for the dive trip.

I always try to keep everything fragile with me at all times, as well as enough gear to complete my photo objectives even if checked bags get lost. I also a believe in keeping a low profile when traveling most of the time, so I often choose bags that are discrete and don’t advertise expensive camera gear.


Packing Carry-On Camera Bags

Packing Checked Bags with Camera Gear

Lightweight Packing Tips

Best Camera Bags for Underwater Photographers

Customs Duties, Taxes and Camera Gear

Dive Travel Tips for Photographers (Video!)

Underwater Camera Gear Layouts Ready to Pack
Various camera systems I’ve brought along while hosting underwater photo workshops.

Curious what gear I’m using for 2022?

my professional underwater camera gear

Check out My Underwater Camera Gear.

Strategies for Packing Underwater Camera Gear

We discussed the fact that you should pack all your mission-critical camera gear in your carry-on bag so that you can enjoy shooting photos even if your checked baggage makes an extra trip around the world.

With that in mind, let’s break our packing down into two main categories:

  1. Packing Carry-On Bags: My New Method
  2. Packing Carry-On Bags: My Old Method
  3. Packing Checked Bags

Packing Carry-On Bags

Underwater photographers generally use one roller bag and one backpack as their carry-on bags when flying with gear on dive trips.

Bulky camera bags have the highest potential as a conversation starter with a frisky airline agent at the check-in counter, and anyone packing one of these should be ready to start explaining why their bag is so overweight as soon as they walk up to the counter. If you smile, you can usually open it up to display the gear and move along without too much hassle.

Some destinations are more forgiving than others. In the U.S. you’ll rarely get asked the weight of your carry-on roller bag or rolling hard case (e.g. Pelican case). Same with most international flights to Mexico or into Southeast Asia. But domestic flights within Asia and many South Pacific destinations have reputations for being very strict on carry-on baggage weight (usually 7kg / 15lbs). The Caribbean is also hit and miss.

What Camera Gear is Packed Carry-On?

Everything you need to shoot and anything very fragile needs to join you as carry-on. This includes camera bodies, lenses, your housing, one port, strobes, video lights and necessary cables.

You also want to ensure you keep essential electronics in your carry-on bags, including laptop, dive computer, primary external hard drive, and camera battery charger.

How do I Pack my Carry-On Bags?

My New Method

These days I’m highly focused on local diving and usually only travel for photo shoots. As a result, my carry-on packing has changed in two ways that better serve the way I’m diving and using my equipment. First, I’m not worried about carry-on baggage weight with these destinations. Second, instead of unpacking all my gear in a dive resort camera room and using that to stage between dives, I’m on the boat all day switching between two and even three cameras. I need everything with me on the boat and protected from the elements.

To do this, I carry a small laptop backpack with a camera insert for a few items plus a rolling Pelican case that contains everything I need to start shooting if my checked baggage were to be lost. You’ll see below in my ‘Old Method’ of packing that I used to carry most of this weight in a discrete backpack with a lightweight roller bag for the housing, camera and a couple accessories.

Pro Tip: Always carry a few bars (and your refillable water bottle of course). Bars are essential when you have delays in weird places and the fact that I seem to always miss lunch on day one while working. The headlamp is for working on equipment in dark rooms – also essential.

View of the padded camera case on my laptop backpack for traveling.
Packed for a shoot in April 2022: Canon R6 with accessories with lens and accessories at the time.

The great thing about the Pelican Air 1535 case (pictured below) is that it carries my gear to the shoot location where I unpack the underwater accessories to build by camera rig, then load my topside gear into the same case and use it to work from on the boat. Think spare batteries, lenses, tools, topside cameras, and more.

View inside my Pelican 1535 Air case full of underwater photo equipment.
This case holds a surprising amount of gear – everything I need to shoot photos should my checked baggage not arrive.

My Old Method

In my experience, airline check-in agents are more likely to take an interest in your roller bag than in your backpack (your ‘personal item’). Because of this, I tend to wear the majority of my gear in a soft backpack, which keeps my roller bag to about 9kg (just over the 7kg limit).

This is just me though. The majority underwater photographers will opt to put most of their gear into a roller bag for ease of use (see my new method above), then explain why their bag is overweight.

Inside my small roller bag I have a padded Dakine camera insert from one of my landscape photo backpacks. This pads the my housing with one camera body and usually my small ports. It’s lightweight and fits inside any small roller bag – a setup that’s far lighter than any formal camera roller bag.

Left: About how I would pack for a regular trip with macro port and mini dome. Weight in roller is 9.4kg (20.7lbs). If the check-in agent is being strict, I can always put the camera in my pocket until after check-in to lower weight below 7kg.
Right: Packing for whale snorkeling. Long lens instead of macro dome. Weight in roller is 10.9kg (24lbs). Big dome is in checked bag.

All the fragile camera gear goes in my backpack. I previously used the ThinkTANK Shapeshifter 17 because it is comfortable and holds tons of gear without looking like a big boxy camera bag. Most attendants don’t even look twice at it as a personal item. In it, I have my main camera body, 2-3 lenses, 2 strobes, video lights, laptop, hard drives, memory cards, filters, some food bars, toothbrush, headphones and inflatable neck pillow.

I suggest finding a similar bag and not this particular model. The laptop compartment is padded but not rigid, and I have a suspicion that the very heavy weight of all the camera gear I would include pressed on the laptop (I replaced two screens during the few years traveled a lot with this bag). The takeaway: Find a discrete bag that has excellent protection for your laptop.

The ThinkTANK Shapeshifter camera backpack.
Here’s a sample carry in the ThinkTank ShapeShifter backpack for a trip to the Philippines. On this particular trip I brought the Tamron 15-30mm G2 for an assignment in addition to my standard Canon 16-35mm f/4. This bag holds heaps of gear and the gate agent didn’t think to weigh it – she only asked about my roller bag above.
My gear to be added to the backpack for a whale snorkeling trip. This was lightweight with no lighting equipment!

Packing Checked Bags

Your checked bags will include all the rest of your camera gear. One checked bag will likely reach just under the checked baggage weight limit of 23kg / 50lbs with just dive gear. The second bag contains the camera gear and some clothing for the trip used as extra padding.

The secret here is to pad the camera gear in soft but firm camera gear bags within the large dive bag. This will protect the gear while also providing space for those clothes and other random things you want on the dive trip.

The alternative here is to purchase a large pelican case. I’ve flown with a checked Pelican case (or other brand) several times, however only when I’ve got several camera systems and backup gear. Even with a full DSLR kit, mirrorless kit, and loaner gear, I’ve found it’s just not enough gear to justify a dedicated checked Pelican case.

Note on Batteries:  Lithium metal and lithium ion batteries are often technically prohibited in checked baggage. Before flying, check with your travel agent or the dive operator about how they recommend transporting large batteries (e.g. for video lights).

How do I Pack my Checked Bags?

My dive gear is very straight forward. The only unique trick is that I usually will wrap my large dome port in a bubble wrap sleeve and then in a wetsuit or two and clip it against my BCD. This way it’s padded and in the center of the bag, cushioned from impact and pressure.

Inside my second checked roller bag I use my padded bags.

I’ve been using a water resistant camera insert (Explorer Cases Bag G) ever since our groups’ bags got drenched on top of a van during a downpour while driving through the Baja desert (go figure). A topside camera box, my bombproof Pelican 1300, is stuffed with chargers and then unpacked at the destination so that I have a topside camera box for the dive boats. The rest of the main bag includes the few pieces of clothing needed, and which further pads the gear.

I used to use a soft bag similar to the Lowepro Nova 170 AW for this purpose, however the zippers rusted shut after a few trips. Zippers and salt water just don’t work.

Pelican 1300 stuffed with chargers. At the destination, I unpack the chargers and then have a camera box for the day boats. It looks like a little brief case, and as a bonus, opens up jokes and friendships with Indo-Pacific dive guides who carry similar ‘work briefcases’ onto the boats.
Padded camera insert with my gear inside
Inside my water-resistant, padded camera insert. My tool kit is in the center under the paper towels, plus extra strobe and various extra accessories depending on the trip: ports, lenses, lights, spare o-rings, wet and dry sensor cleaning kits, and other little goodies.
packing underwater camera gear
My dive buddy shoots frames of the iconic school of jacks in Cabo Pulmo, Mexico.

Lightweight Packing for Dive Trips

Some destinations are much more strict on camera gear. The first step is to pair down what you’re bringing. Do you really need extra lenses and ports? Do you need backup lights? All the tools?

Carry-on luggage weight restrictions can also be sporadically enforced, so always walk up to the check-in attendant with a smile, ask how their day is going, etc. A friendly demeanor will help tremendously if you’re asking the attendant to bend the rules with a slightly overweight bag.

You’ll need to ensure that you only have one checked bag if that’s the airline’s policy. To help make this work, I will wear a photographer’s vest (or safari vest) with many large pockets. It’s not the best fashion statement, but by putting camera bodies, lenses and hard drives in your pockets, you’re saving tons of weight in the bags. It’s one of the long-time underwater photo gear packing secrets of the pros.

Rockin’ the photographer’s vest in Manado, Indonesia. 2014.

Best Camera Bags for Underwater Photographers

Below are a few camera bags that I either own or would really like to own. Note that I might like a feature of a bag that you don’t like, or vice versa. Camera bags are very custom.

Camera Backpacks

Some of the things to consider here are:

Size: How much space do you actually need?

Laptop Compartment: If this is a carry-on bag, you likely want your laptop. And if you have a large 15″ laptop, you want to make sure the bag accommodates that size.

Comfort: These bags will get heavy. Some bags out there (F-Stop’s Kashmir series) have models designed specifically for women.

Camera Roller Bags

Here are some of my favorite rollers. Use these as a starting point to find the perfect bag for you. You’ll have it for a long time!

Other Gear Bags

Keeping your gear organized and protected is essential. Here are some bags that will revolutionize your underwater camera gear packing.

Customs Duties and Taxes

Is underwater camera gear subject to Duties and Taxes?

That depends. The easiest way to avoid any of these discussions with customs officers is to ensure none of your gear is still in the original packaging, doesn’t have stickers over screens/lenses and has no other indicators that it’s brand new.

Some countries are more strict that others. In mid-2019, Mexico, which has always tried to solicit customs duties (or bribes as a means to avoid the duties) stepped up their enforcement of taxes on all camera equipment entering the country. Even your personal (used) gear.

The latest Mexico report I heard is a 16% tax on underwater housing and dome port, with a warning that if the items’ value exceeded $3,000 USD they could be confiscated. Customs also asked for an FAA license for a diver’s drone. This has occurred to multiple divers at multiple airports in Mexico, however many divers have also walked through customs unscathed.

Now, we could argue this is simply a stronger attempt at soliciting a bribe, but regardless, be prepared for a customs agent to start researching the value of your gear on their mobile phone, and the possibility of paying several hundred dollars in “taxes.”

My best advice is to check out the Scubaboard forums for the latest stories and information before your trip. You can also read a thread about this on Wetpixel.

Dive Travel Tips for Photographers

This video shares a number of tips to help smooth out long international dive trips so that you can focus on creating great photos.

Keep Learning
how to choose an underwater camera

How to Choose an Underwater Camera System

2022 Best Underwater Strobes and Comparison Grid

2022 Underwater Strobe Comparison

underwater housing maintenance tutorial

Underwater Housing Maintenance Video

Brent Durand

Professional writer and underwater photo instructor. Brent is an avid diver and surfer, and has led many intensive photo workshops around the world.