This page highlights the underwater photo gear I’m using to create photos and videos. I’ve spent many years and thousands of hours experimenting with gear and learning what works for me.
You’ll notice that my kit is a bit different from many serious underwater photographers and that it’s not necessarily the top-of-the-line gear. It’s not one season’s ‘Best you can Buy’ kit. I don’t own the latest accessories. In fact, I don’t purchase accessories until they’re a necessity.
Value and versatility have shaped my kit through the last decade, and I’ve slowly upgraded my gear with money earned directly through photography.
The most important thing to know is that you can create great photos with any camera.
Understanding the basic principals of photography (the logic behind those default underwater photo settings) and how to shoot your gear in conditions where it delivers the best results will make all the difference in creating great imagery. This is my emphasis during photo workshops, in the video tutorials on this site, and in my written underwater photography guides.
My Underwater Camera Gear
My Underwater Camera Gear 2020
I’ve been fortunate to shoot many different camera systems and chose to stick with my Canon DSLRs when buying my latest underwater housing. I’ve been shooting Canon since the 5D II and 7D, years before taking a camera underwater, and can’t say enough good things about it.
Camera technology changes through the years, of course, but I’m still very happy with this system. The key drawback for me in looking at the class of 2020 camera options is video frame rates, but it’s nothing I/we can’t work around.
Here’s my underwater camera gear:
Canon 5D Mk IV: My underwater camera workhorse. Photo, video, beautiful color tones, fast autofocus – I love it. Learn more about the 5DIV.
Canon 5D Mk III: I still shoot this camera for most seascapes so that the 5DIV doesn’t take as much abuse from the salt. This camera is always in my hand when the 5DIV is inside the housing, ensuring I never miss the topside action. It also fits in my 5DIV housing, serving as a backup body for assignments.
Fun fact: This camera has technically been under a sheet of water twice (by breaking waves) and still going strong. It’s on a second LCD screen and plastics though!
GoPro HERO6 Black: Perfect for mounting on top of my housing, for paddleboarding, kayaking, surfing, time-lapses, and all sorts of other cool video. Be sure to read about the GoPro HERO8, the Best GoPro Underwater Video Settings, and my favorite Underwater Filters.
There is so much to discuss with underwater lenses. If you’re considering buying a camera system from scratch, your big decision is whether to go with the traditional lens and port system (like I have below), or to use new water contact optics that allow you to shoot both wide-angle and macro on a mid-length lens.
There are pros and cons to each of those systems, but that’s a whole article in itself. I’ve had the lenses below for longer than the high optical quality wet lenses we’re seeing on the market the last few years, so it goes without saying that I’m committed to this system… at least unless something crazy happens.
Canon EF 16-35mm f/4L IS USM Wide-Angle Lens: I’m all about optimization. This lens handles everything wide-angle underwater, as well as landscapes and seascapes above the surface. I prefer this rectilinear wide-angle lens over a fisheye underwater since I find it easier to control backscatter in less than ideal conditions. Granted, most of my diving is off the shore on the west coast, where 30ft visibility is considered really good.
There are more expensive f/2.8L versions of the 16-35, but they are significantly more expensive and heavier with negligible differences in image quality. The f/4 gets the same number of magazine covers and contest wins, so that’s good enough for me, even if it’s not for the pixel peepers! ;- )
In addition, the Canon 16-35mm f/4 version uses 77mm filters (instead of 82mm like the f/2.8s), which I’ve long been invested in.
Learn more about this lens.
Tokina 10-17mm Fisheye Lens: I just picked this up again after a couple years shooting only the 16-35mm f/4L above. I was heading to the Philippines and had some images in mind where the fisheye effect would be cool. It will be in my bag for my 2020 Philippines trip as well. The fisheye is a staple for tropical shooters. Learn more.
Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L IS USM Macro Lens: The crispest in the business. This lens is tack sharp and used on all of my underwater macro video and photos, plus product shots, portraits and more. Another workhorse. Learn more.
Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM Lens: I don’t use this lens underwater, but it’s on my surface camera any time the 16-35mm isn’t. It’s a nice versatile zoom and I find it’s much better for travel than the popular 24-70mm due to the lighter weight and extra zoom range. Canon has since released a Version II. Learn more about the V2.
Underwater Housing & Ports
This is the underwater housing gear that helps me spend many fun-filled hours under the sea making images.
Sea & Sea MDX-5DMkIV Housing: This is the first Sea & Sea housing I’ve purchased, and it’s living up to the abuse I put on underwater photography gear. All housings have pros and cons compared to others in class, but I’m loving Sea & Sea’s ergonomics, control design and overall handling. As a bonus, this housing fits the 5DIV, 5DIII, and 5DS and 5DS R. Learn more.
RELATED VIDEO: Underwater Housing Maintenance 101
Sea & Sea Dome Port 240: I acquired this dome port by borrowing it from a friend and scratching it by accident during a surf entry over slippery boulders. Upon confessing, he told me he was gifted it by a pro photographer who thought it was too scratched to keep using. I bought my friend a different port and have been using this for almost two years with no issue! One person’s trash is Brent’s treasure!
That said, I’m a huge fan of glass dome ports because of their scratch resilience and buoyancy characteristics underwater. Wish I had glass instead, but hey, at least I have a big dome! I use this dome with my 16-35mm f/4L. Learn more.
Sea & Sea Optical Dome Port II 100: This 4″ dome (100mm) was my guilty gear purchase of 2019, along with the Tokina Fisheye. While I love the glass and the buoyancy of this lens underwater, I almost exclusively shoot the 16-35mm f/4L in the larger dome. We’ll see if I pull this out much during 2020. Learn more.
Sea & Sea DX Macro Port 87: This is Sea & Sea’s macro port for the Canon 100mm f/2.8L macro lens. The front has 67mm threads to accommodate a wide range of accessories like macro diopters and flip adapters. Learn more.
Underwater strobes and video lights are constantly evolving. You just can’t worry about always having the latest and greatest lighting gear.
Here’s what I’m using for 2020.
RELATED VIDEO: Lighting vs. Strobes Underwater
Sea & Sea YS-D2 Strobe: These underwater strobes are more than enough for macro and wide-angle. I have two of them. Strobes are one area where I always recommend spending more cash; if you can spend a bit more for more powerful strobes like the YS-D2J or Inon Z-330, you’ll find it’s well worth it on any camera and when you upgrade later on.
On dive trips, I also bring an older YS-D1 as a backup.
Since the release of the YS-D2 strobes that I use, Sea & Sea released the YS-D2J. The YS-D3 will soon be available in April 2020 (I’ll link once released).
MUST READ: 2020 Underwater Strobe Comparison
Light & Motion Sola Video Pro LE: Compact, light and packing 3800 lumens, these lights rock! They have smooth, even 100 degree beam diffused with a dome port optic. The mode switch is incredibly easy to operate with a single hand. They also charge fast using high quality components designed and manufactured in the USA. Learn more.
Kraken Hydra 5000: More workhorses. 5000 lumens with flood, spot, red and UV beams make these a versatile tool for photo and video. They have removable batteries, so you can keep shooting all day if you purchase extras. These Hydra 5000s are several models discontinued, but checked out these newer Kraken video lights.
I-Torch V10 Focus Light: Small, powerful and affordable, with white and red beams. This is all you need as an underwater macro focus light. This model was discontinued (in 2016?), but here are some great alternative focus lights.
Underwater Photo Accessories
I mentioned this in the intro, but I don’t purchase underwater photo accessories until they become a necessity. It’s a simple matter of budget! That said, here’s what I pack on every dive trip.
ReefNet SubSee +10 Diopter: This magnifier opens up the world of supermacro photo and video. I’m not hardcore about shooting the really small stuff (if I was, I would use a crop sensor camera instead of full frame), but still consider this diopter essential on any macro dive. I purchased this when it was the easy choice. Since then, Nauticam, AOI, and Saga have also started making some great diopters. Learn more.
Saga M67 Flip Adapter: After years of screwing my diopter in and out and always having to set it on the ground (e.g. on a wall when you have to swim 10m away or hold the diopter in your left hand with your muck stick while shooting it’s just not convenient), I splurged for the cheapest flip adapter in stock before my Philippines 2019 trip.
This accessory is just so worth it when you’re constantly adding and removing a macro diopter. It’s a necessity and not an accessory! Learn more.
DIY Macro Snoot: This snoot is made from a piece of PVC pipe from the hardware store glued to a weird plastic piece that my friend Edgar found underwater in Anilao, thinking it was the perfect size to fit inside the larger tube snoot. It fit perfectly. I sawed off the tip and have a great snoot that attached to the front of my strobe. It’s called the Edgar2000 and works really well.
DIY Fiber Optic Cables: I make my own fiber optic cables now. I just can’t keep the regular, very expensive cables from snapping. I’m extremely careful, but I move my strobes like crazy to light shots in low visibility conditions. These are tough and don’t break! Enough said.
DIY Underwater Video Tripod: I made this myself. It’s a rotating collar that goes over the macro port, allowing me to easily pan up and down, plus rotate the collar for regular horizontal shooting or vertical shooting for Instagram story video. Check out my video How to Build an Underwater Video Tripod to see how I made this one!
More Gear Articles & Videos!
Learn how I pack my camera gear for dive trips, including specific bag recommendations.
Tips & tricks for o-ring care, avoiding floods, and keeping your housing working like new.
Learn how I rig my DSLR housing and strobe system for hands-free beach diving.